Kelvin Edward (Ted) Bourn

guest
Kelvin Edward (Ted) Bourn
Navigation, Maritime Law & Geology

MAIN BIOGRAPHY FOR CRUISE LINERS

Ted Bourn graduated in Marine Biology (also studying Geology) from Liverpool University in 1972, and then later that year joined BRNC Dartmouth as a Graduate Entry Seaman Officer. Postings then followed in the Fishery Protection vessel HMS KINGFISHER and as the Navigator of the Frigate HMS ARETHUSA. He then served as a Warfare Officer in the Destroyer HMS NORFOLK and the Frigate HMS ARDENT.

On qualification as a Specialist Navigator, Ted joined the Staff of the Captain 8th Frigate Squadron in the SEAWOLF anti-missile missile fitted HMS ANDROMEDA which was sailed south immediately for the Falklands Conflict. For the duration of the war, ANDROMEDA was employed as a ‘Goal Keeping’ frigate stationed up Exocet missile threat from the Carrier HMS INVINCIBLE.

A two year Exchange followed with the Royal Australian Navy as the Navigator of the 28,000 Ton Tanker HMAS SUPPLY. This ship was named after HMS SUPPLY of the First Fleet to Australia. This historical connection led to a deep interest in the Real Reasons why the British despatched the First Fleet and colonised Australia. On return to the UK, Command was taken of the Fishery Protection ship HMS ANGLESEY.

Ted left the Royal Navy and gained an MBA Degree from Warwick University before becoming the Director of the St Bees Management Centre in Cumbria. He was however invited to rejoin the Navy to utilise Specialist Navigator expertise and then served in the MoD in Bristol to raise the Navigation Procurement Requirements for all RN ships.

Since retirement, Ted has taken several cruises and still finds the experience of holding absolutely nil responsibility for the safe navigation of the ship exceptionally strange. Over time, this feeling is expected to fade!

Since retirement Ted is happy to talk on Australian History, past and modern Navigation, along with International Maritime Law.

MINI-BIOGRAPHY FOR CRUISE LINERS

A graduate Marine Biologist, Ted joined BRNC Dartmouth. Postings followed as the Navigator of ARETHUSA, Warfare Officer in ARDENT and then as a specialist Navigator during the Falklands Conflict in the Frigate ANDROMEDA. Navigator in the Australian Navy Tanker HMAS SUPPLY during a 2 year Exchange, interest then grew into the Real Reasons why the British colonised Australia. Command of HMS ANGLESEY followed, and then a posting raising the Navigation Procurement Requirements for all RN ships. Since retirement Ted is happy to talk on Australian History, Navigation & Maritime Law.

Updated August 2020

1. THE GEOLOGY OF ICELAND:

Iceland is one of the most exciting places on Earth to see the massive & raw forces of nature in its primaeval state. The talk covers Tectonic Plates and Continental movement and then moves on to volcanic activity, where in the past volcanic ash has forced the grounding of aircraft across Europe & disrupted flights right around the world. Earthquakes, glaciers, glacial floods, geysers, geothermal energy, hot springs, and the formation of basaltic hexagonal columns are all covered. In the process the island is brought to life by some stunningly beautiful images of Icelandic scenery.

2. INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW - PART 1:

Part 1 covers the Nature of International Law, the Status of Merchant & Warships, Warship immunity & covers how an AWOL Australian Navy sailor singlehanded almost destroyed the harbour of Lahaina in Hawaii. This forced the payment of compensation by the Australian Government along with a written apology from Mr Bob Hawke, the Australian Prime Minister to the President of the United States & the people of Hawaii. The section continues with Innocent Passage, Archipelagos, The High Seas & the legal conflict situation between Gibraltar & Spain. The talk ends with ‘Whisky on the Rocks’, an example of ‘How it All Can Go Wrong!’ when a Soviet Whisky Class Submarine blatantly violated Swedish Territorial Waters.

3. INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW - PART 2:

Part 2 covers how Ships should CONDUCT themselves in the correct application of International Maritime Law. This section covers the giving of Assistance which includes the seminal loss of the TITANIC, Salvage & then moves on to Piracy, Slavery, Drug Running, Fishery Protection, Unauthorised Broadcasting (Radio Caroline & Radio 390) & Hot Pursuit. The talk ends with The Law of Armed Conflict & a description of how one day ‘It All Went Wrong!’ for the Royal Marines off Spain.

4. THE HISTORY OF NAVIGATION - PART 1:

Part 1 commences with how ancient & modern Polynesian Navigators carry out their extensive & impressive navigational skills, despite having no written language to pass on navigational knowledge. The presentation then moves on to Ancient Greek, Islamic, Viking & early European Navigation including Magellan & Vasco da Gama. The talk ends with the importance of accurate time for precise navigation & covers John Harrison’s famed H4 Chronometer & the very impressive achievements of Captain Cook.

5. THE HISTORY OF NAVIGATION - PART 2:

This part covers the RAF GEE navigation system used during World War 2, & then explains how the first real global radio navigation system called OMEGA worked. A step change came with the Soviet Sputnik satellite, the launch of which came as a massive blow to the United States’ perceived status as a Global Power. Sputnik then led swiftly to the Space Race & the US TRANSIT Satellite Navigation System. The presentation will explain in simplified terms how the US Satellite Global Positioning System (GPS) works for all those people who have GPS Systems in their cars. The end of the talk covers how the Russian GLONASS, Chinese Beidou (Compass) & EU GALILEO Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) all function.

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THE BIRTH OF AUSTRALIA

6. THE BIRTH OF AUSTRALIA (THE REAL REASONS WHY THE BRITISH WENT TO AUSTRALIA) - PART 1:

The Background of ‘Why the British sent the First Fleet to Australia’. This part covers the Astronomical background, & then leads on to the career of CAPTAIN COOK & how his various discoveries had a crucial impact on the reasoning behind the despatch of the FIRST FLEET. The talk ends with a quick explanation on why Captain Cook was killed in Hawaii.

7. THE BIRTH OF AUSTRALIA (THE REAL REASONS WHY THE BRITISH WENT TO AUSTRALIA) - PART 2:

After research in both Australia & the UK, this talk reveals the BRITISH NATIONAL STRATEGIC & the REAL REASONS why the FIRST FLEET was despatched to Australia. It has ALMOST NOTHING to do with Convicts. To date, all Australians, bar for two, have been found to be ignorant of their own history. The talk finishes with the Aftermath & how after a long search the long-lost grave of Rear Admiral of the Blue Henry Lidgbird BALL was finally discovered. As a Lieutenant, Henry BALL commanded HMS Supply of the First Fleet & became a Founding Father of Australia.

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MAGELLAN’S ARMADA TO THE MOLUCCA SPICE ISLANDS - ‘OVER THE EDGE OF THE EARTH’

8. MAGELLAN’S ARMADA TO THE SPICE ISLANDS ‘OVER THE EDGE OF THE EARTH’ – PART 1:

Part 1 covers the critical importance of the Spice Trade to the world economy & the hostile competition between the global maritime superpowers of Portugal & Spain who wanted to control that trade & gain a global Empire. Pope Julius II in 1506 agreed the final changes to The Treaty of Tordesillas which split the world into two equal halves, one half to Portugal & the other to Spain. Magellan’s upbringing in his native Portugal & place as a minor Nobleman at the Portuguese Court are described, along with his campaigns as a soldier in India, Morocco & Malacca where he was wounded. Magellan tried three times to persuade the King of Portugal to back an expedition sailing westwards to the Molucca Spice Islands, but each time was refused. Magellan then emigrates to Spain and swears allegiance to their new young King Charles. King Charles was deeply in debt but was persuaded by Magellan to finance an expedition to the Moluccas. Such a venture could gain massive profits for the Crown from several ships loaded with spices, even though it would place the Portuguese Magellan in command of Spanish Officers. The talk ends with the political manoeuvring to undermine & usurp Magellan’s authority that took place during the time that the Armada de Molucca was preparing to sail.

9. MAGELLAN’S ARMADA TO THE SPICE ISLANDS ‘OVER THE EDGE OF THE EARTH’ – PART 2:

Part 2 covers the sailing of the Armada de Molucca from Seville (Spain) for the Spice Islands. A stopover was made at the Canary Islands for provisions. Near the Cape Verde Islands, Magellan suffered his first mutiny. After visiting Rio de Janeiro (now Brazil), the Fleet needing to overwinter away from terrible storms & anchored at Port St Julian (now Argentina). A second mutiny then occurred with Magellan losing control of 3 of the 5 ships. Initially at a huge disadvantage, Magellan carried out some shrewd manoeuvres which completely outsmarted the mutineers & enabled him resume absolute control of the Fleet. Magellan’s subsequent retribution on the mutineers through torture & execution was terrible. The winter almost over, one ship was shipwrecked, but then continuing south, Magellan found the fabled Strait; now named after him.

10. MAGELLAN’S ARMADA TO THE SPICE ISLANDS ‘OVER THE EDGE OF THE EARTH’ – PART 3:

Part 3 covers Magellan’s transit of the Strait, during which there was another mutiny, this time on the San Antonio. The Captain was seized & the ship was sailed back to Spain. For the remaining 3 ships of the Armada, there then followed a 98-day voyage across the unexpectedly huge Pacific Ocean during which the crews suffered terribly from starvation & scurvy. Landfall was eventually made at Rota & then Guam (Marianas Islands) before the Armada moved on to the islands which we today call the Philippines On Cebu the King, Rajah Humabon & the natives, clamoured to be converted to Christianity. Magellan was treated like a god. He absorbed all the adulation & increasingly considered himself to be invincible, divinely inspired & his expedition to be god’s direct will. It was an extremely dangerous delusion which would later cost Magellan dearly.

11. MAGELLAN’S ARMADA TO THE SPICE ISLANDS ‘OVER THE EDGE OF THE EARTH’ – PART 4:

Part 4 of the Magellan story begins with the Battle of Mactan. Here the vainglorious & overconfident Magellan is lured into an unnecessary battle by the local Chieftain Lapu Lapu. After making serious tactical errors, Magellan is slain on the beach by over 1500 attacking Mactan natives. Shortly afterwards, some of the Armada’s officer & men were massacred ashore by Cebuan natives following an invite to a feast by the local King Kumabon. Meanwhile the San Antonio crewed by the mutineers returns to Spain. There at the Casa de Contratación’s Enquiry, they play on Magellan’s unpopularity in Spain & in their evidence re-arrange events to save their skins & mislead the authorities. They succeed in their deceptions & are absolved of any crimes. Back in the Philippines, the survivors from the massacre burn the Concepción which leaves the two remaining Armada ships, the Trinidad & Victoria, to sail further through the Philippine Islands before arriving in Brunei. After capturing pilots from passing native boats, the Armada finally arrives in the Spice Islands & trading for Spices commences.

12. MAGELLAN’S ARMADA TO THE SPICE ISLANDS ‘OVER THE EDGE OF THE EARTH’ – PART 5:

The final part of the Magellan story begins with the Trinidad & the Victoria about to sail from the Spice Islands for Spain laden with cloves. The Trinidad however fouls her anchor & starts to leak badly & is only saved from sinking by the sailors constantly working the ship’s pumps. The Victoria, with Juan Sebastián Elcano in command, sails westwards and heads for the Cape of Good Hope. After 3 months of repairs the Trinidad, with now Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa in command, sails eastwards back across the Pacific mistakenly believing that Asia was connected to the Americas. After terrible scurvy & starvation, Espinosa is forced to return to the Spice Islands where the skeletal crew are captured by the pursuing Portuguese Captain Brito. The Trinidad is later swept ashore & shipwrecked during a storm & her fantastically valuable cargo of cloves is lost. The Victoria calls at Timor (near Indonesia, South Asia), Port Elizabeth & Saldanha Bay (South Africa) & is almost captured by the Portuguese at the Cape Verde Islands where several men sent ashore to buy provisions are arrested. With just 18 Europeans remaining onboard, the Victoria finally returns to Seville (Spain). Her cargo of cloves is sold which returns an overall profit for the expedition’s backers. An investigation is ordered by King Charles of Spain which led to the honouring of Elcano & the release of many sailors. These 18 Europeans are celebrated as the first to circumnavigate the Earth, but in a final twist, where they?

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QUESTIONING HOLLYWOOD’s CHARACTER ASSASSINATION -THE LIFE OF ‘MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY’ WILLIAM BLIGH

13. THE LIFE OF ‘MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY’ WILLIAM BLIGH – PART 1 – THE EARLY YEARS:

Part 1 covers William Bligh’s early years. Bligh joined the Royal Navy when just under 8 years old. Later in his career he sailed as Captain Cook’s Sailing Master during the fateful third voyage. Bligh then served in both the Merchant Navy in the Caribbean & then in Royal Navy before being appointed as the Commander of HMAV Bounty. Part 1 ends with the voyage via Tenerife, the failed attempt to round Cape Horn, then Cape Town & arrival at Tahiti for the collection of Bread-fruit plants at that most beautiful of South Pacific islands for transportation of the plants to the Caribbean.

14. THE LIFE OF ‘MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY’ WILLIAM BLIGH – PART 2 – THE MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY & OPEN BOAT VOYAGE:

Part 2 of William Bligh’s life covers the Prelude to, & then the actual ‘Mutiny on the Bounty’ where Hollywood’s various films carried out a totally unfair & inaccurate character assassination of Lieutenant Bligh. The Talk ends with the incredible 3618-mile open boat voyage of Bligh with 18 of his non-mutineer sailors via Tofoa, past Fiji, Restoration Island (Australia) & the Torres Strait to safety in Timor (near Indonesia, South East Asia).

15. THE LIFE OF ‘MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY’ WILLIAM BLIGH – PART 3 – COURT MARTIAL, THE SECOND SUCCESSFUL BREAD-FRUIT VOYAGE TO THE CARIBBEAN & MUTINY AT THE NORE

A balanced case is then given for both the Mutineers & William Bligh then this part covers Bligh’s safe return to England following his amazing 3618-mile open boat voyage after the Mutiny on the Bounty. Following Court Martial for the loss of the Bounty, Bligh is appointed to Command the second Bread-fruit voyage to Tahiti. This time the voyage goes well & Bligh delivers Bread-fruit plants successfully to Saint Helena & the islands of Saint Vincent & Jamaica in the Caribbean.

16. THE LIFE OF ‘MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY’ WILLIAM BLIGH – PART 4 – THE BATTLES OF CAMPERDOWN & COPENHAGEN, COURT MARTIAL & GOVERNOR OF NSW (AUSTRALIA).

Part 4 of William Bligh’s extraordinary life covers Bligh’s involvement of the Mutiny at the Nore & then

sees him take part in the Battles of Camperdown & then Copenhagen, where Lord Nelson thanked Captain Bligh in public on the Quarterdeck of HMS Elephant for his part in the successful action. Bligh’s Court Martial is covered where one of his HMS Warrior officers accused him of ‘Tyranny, Unofficer like Conduct & Ungentlemanly Behaviour’. The Talk ends with Bligh’s Appointment as Governor of New South Wales (Australia) & his voyage to Sydney.

17. THE LIFE OF ‘MUTINY ON THE BOUNTY’ WILLIAM BLIGH – PART 5 – GOVERNOR OF NSW (AUSTRALIA), BLIGH’s ARREST & OVERTHROW, COURT MARTIAL & TWILIGHT YEARS

Part 5, & the concluding part of William Bligh’s extraordinary life his first year as Governor of New South Wales (Australia) is covered. There then follows the Rum Rebellion, Bligh’s Arrest & the overthrow of Bligh’s Government by Major George Johnston. The British Government orders Bligh’s Restoration as Governor for 24 hours. Bligh then returns to England & gives evidence at Major Johnston’s Court Martial. The Talk ends with the Final Phase where Bligh, now promoted Rear Admiral, spends his twilight years.

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TIME & TIDE - NAVIGATION

18. TIME & TIDE WAIT FOR NO MAN - PART 1:

The first Part of this presentation will provide a simplified explanation of Time Zones. Most people get confused by this subject, especially Cruise passengers during their trip; & also again if they are returning to the UK by air. This presentation will provide the historical background & then explain how to apply Time Zone changes in the correct direction to avoid making potentially embarrassing mistakes. The difference between the true Sun Time & our International Clock Time, along with the insertion of Leap Seconds will be explained.

19. TIME & TIDE WAIT FOR NO MAN - PART 2:

The second Part will explain how the Sun & Moon interact to provide Tides around the World & how the weather can have dramatic effects. Land Tides whereby land is raised by the effect of the Moon is also covered.

20. MARITIME NAVIGATION BY SEXTANT:

An explanation of how Sextants are used at sea in the taking Sun & Star sights to achieve the ship’s position. The Talk then moves on to explain how Position Lines & then a positional fix for a ship are derived & then plotted. Sir Ernest Shackleton’s amazing 800-mile open boat voyage from Elephant Island to South Georgia in freezing & hurricane conditions is covered. Success of the rescue mission was solely down to the Navigator Frank Worsley’s skill with his Sextant. The use of Horizontal & Vertical Sextant angles in normal maritime navigation is also explained.

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21. (45 MINUTE VERSION): THE BIRTH OF AUSTRALIA (THE REAL REASONS WHY THE BRITISH WENT TO AUSTRALIA)

A 45 Minute Version of the REAL Reasons of Why the British sent the First Fleet to Australia. The first section covers the Astronomical background & then leads on to the career of CAPTAIN COOK & how his various discoveries had a crucial impact on the reasoning behind the despatch of the FIRST FLEET. After research in both Australia & the UK, this section reveals the BRITISH NATIONAL STRATEGIC & the REAL REASONS why the FIRST FLEET was dispatched to Australia. It has ALMOST NOTHING to do with Convicts. To date, all Australians, bar for two, have been found to be ignorant of their own history. The talk finishes with a short Aftermath.

22. (45 MINUTE VERSION): TIME & TIDE WAIT FOR NO MAN:

A 45 Minute Version of Time & Tide Wait for No Man. The first Part of this presentation will provide a simplified explanation of Time Zones. Most people get confused by this subject. This presentation will provide the historical background & then explain how to apply Time Zone changes in the correct direction to avoid making potentially embarrassing mistakes. The second Part will explain how the Sun & Moon interact to provide Tides around the World & how the weather can have dramatic effects. Land & Tides whereby land is raised by the effect of the Moon is also covered.

ExpertiseHistory of Navigation-International Maritime Law
Cruise Experience as Speaker/Tutor1. Balmoral - World Cruise (L1401-6) - San Diego to Barbados - March 2014. 2. Boudicca (D1517) - Norway Glaciers - July 2015. 3. Black Watch (W1602) - Sydney to Bali - February 2016. 4. Arcadia - World Cruise (J701-2) - San Francisco to Tahiti - January 2017 (Several Cruises had to be turned down due to 24/7 Caring Responsibilities) 5. Black Watch W1925 Liverpool to Canaries & Madeira - November 2019. 6. Boudicca D1929 Bali to Melbourne - December 2019

Categories

History - Naval
History - General
History - Military
History - Maritime
Earth Sciences, Geology & Geography
Science - General
Law & The Courts
Adventure & Exploration
Diplomacy & International Affairs
ASIA AND THE FAR EAST
NORTHERN FOCUS
AUSTRALIA